The hypothesis of warmth and mass exchange amid stop drying is settled and a few procedure advancement and scale-up issues are very much tended to in the writing. Amid essential drying, atypical radiation impacts emerge from the dividers to the entryway of the dryer that keep running at a higher temperature than the rack set point. Therefore, the vials on the edge are superb speedier and keep running at higher temperatures than do whatever remains of the vials. Additionally, contrasts in warmth and mass exchange execution between stop dryers may happen because of natural outline contrasts. Amid essential freeze drying equipment, the rack surface temperature is not really uniform, and there could be hot and icy spots on the rack surface that should be recognized. The mean vial warm exchange coefficient might be altogether extraordinary between various dryers relying upon the emissivities of the surfaces (rack, dividers, and entryway). Additionally, contingent upon the dryer plan, there are contrasts in greatest sublimation rate upheld by the stop dryer and the base feasible chamber weight. While orderly rules have been created to address a hefty portion of these scale-up issues, there stay numerous issues that require extra consideration. The point of this survey article is to address the new rising stop becoming procedure improvement and scale-scarce issues. The dryer stack condition is a vital procedure variable amid stop becoming procedure improvement and scale-scarce. A full dryer load is characterized as vials involving basically all accessible rack surface zone. There are a few motivations to run a dryer under halfway load conditions. By and large, inadequate dynamic pharmaceutical fixing (API) is accessible ahead of schedule in the assembling history, so to meet the quick creation needs solidify drying is completed under halfway load conditions. Under fractional load conditions, one may never see the potential for dryer over-burden (i.e., gagged stream or condenser over-burden) amid high warmth and mass freeze drying machine process. In this way, under fractional load, the procedure runs well, yet under full load condition dryer over-burden happens with loss of chamber weight control. Fractional load may likewise bring about the rack surface temperature running somewhat higher than under full load condition. Moreover, as the heap on a given rack diminishes, a more noteworthy portion of the vials get to be edge vials (i.e., vials encountering higher warmth exchange from the dividers to the entryway of the dryer). Thus, the general warmth exchanges to the bunch increments (i.e., mean vial warm exchange coefficient expands, item temperature increments and drying time diminishes). In conclusion, there could be a heap condition where the quantity of vials on the rack is not adequate to keep up the molar flux of water much higher than the molar flux of nitrogen, and the gas arrangement in the chamber changes from 100% water vapor to a noteworthy level of nitrogen. The gas arrangement in the chamber is imperative since the warmth exchange by means of gas conduction relies on upon the warm conductivity of the gas. In the event that the gas synthesis were 100% nitrogen, the general vial warm exchange coefficient diminishes (by around 30%) in many applications, item temperature diminishes and consequently drying time increments.